Historical and Eco-Critical Analysis of Caryl Phillips’s The Atlantic Sound
Caryl Phillips is a postcolonial English writer of Caribbean descent. His works are seldom analyzed by eco-critical perspective because the main issues of his works are the racial and social injustice against black people in white dominated society. The present paper tries to illustrate his book The Atlantic Sound as a transatlantic eco-critical text. Transatlantic eco-criticism engages cultural production from the countries around the Atlantic Ocean. It deals with the study of environment and culture. In The Atlantic Sound Phillips traces the history triangular slave trade within the geographic space of the Atlantic Ocean. The book is divided into five sections entitled as “Atlantic Crossing”, “Leaving Home”, “Homeward Bound”, “Home”, and “Exodus”. Within the course of this travelogue, Phillips traces the routes of the transatlantic slave trade’s legacy by traveling Guadeloupe, Liverpool, Accra, Charleston, and Israel. He relates the story of three prominent figures related to the history of African slave trade and civil rights movement. The stories of John Ocansey, Phillip Quaque and Judge Waties Waring can be analyzed as ‘eco-criticism of color’. The present paper attempts to analyze the text through historical and eco-critical perspective.
Keywords - Atlantic, home, travel, water, sea, black