Dietary Adequacy of Indian National Adolescent Swimmers: Development of Home Based Snacks
Objective: Dietary profile of national adolescent swimming trainees was assessed and cost-effective home based snacks filling gaps in nutrient intake were developed. Methods: The National Swimming Academy, Sports Authority of India, was the locale and 100% trainees (8 girls & 10 boys) aged 11 to 15 years comprised the sample. Physical Activity Level, Total Daily Energy Expenditure, 24 hour nutrient intake, food frequency and general dietary parameters were assessed using standardized tools. Results were compared with erstwhile national recommendations and gaps in dietary intake identified. Home based snacks with 4 weeks shelf-life were formulated using standardized procedures and recipes presented in a booklet. Shelf-life was assessed using chemical and microbial analysis. Results & Conclusion: The percentage consumption of pulses (201%;178%), milk & milk products (150%;202.6%), fruits (275%;255%), fats & oils (108.5%;103.7%) and sugar (253.5%;300.6%) amongst girls & boys were higher than recommendations. Consumption of cereals (60.7%;70.4%), meat & meat products (38.5%;48.2%), other vegetables (26%;21%) and green leafy vegetables (5.8%;0%) by girls & boys respectively were lower than recommended amounts. Iron (94%;92%), total dietary fibre (73.8%;79.7%), vitamin B6 (31.7%;36.7%), β-carotene (48%;32%) were lower than recommendations in girls and boys respectively. Based on gaps in dietary intake, vegetable powders, millets and dried fruits were utilized to develop snacks with enhanced micronutrients and antioxidants. Consumer acceptability using ANOVA and Tukey’s post hoc tests revealed higher acceptability of Rajgira ladoos, baked mathri and cookies (p<0.05) than nutri-bar and multigrain chips that were developed.
Keywords - Athletic Nutrition; Dietary Supplements; Elite Adolescent Swimmers