NUMERICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF A NATURAL FIBER REINFORCED COMPOSITES
Over the last thirty years composite materials such as polymer, alloys and ceramics have been the dominant emerging materials. The volume and number of applications of Composite materials have grown steadily, penetrating and conquering new markets relentlessly. Polymeric Materials Reinforced with Synthetic Fibers such as glass, carbon, and aramid provide advantages of high stiffness and high strength to weight ratio as compared to conventional materials, i.e. wood, concrete, and steel. Despite these advantages, the widespread use of synthetic Fiber-reinforced polymer composite has a tendency to decline because of their high-initial costs, their use in non-efficient structural forms and most importantly their adverse environmental impact. On the other hand, the increase in interest of using Natural Fibers as Reinforcement in plastics to substitute conventional synthetic fibers in some automobile applications has become one of the main concerns to study the potential of using natural Fibers as reinforcement for polymers. In the light of this, researchers have focused their attention on natural fiber composite which are composed of natural or synthetic resins, reinforced with naturalfibers. Accordingly, manufacturing of high-performance Engineering Materials from renewable resources has been pursued by researchers across the world owing to renewable raw materials are environmentally sound and do not cause health problem. The present work includes the fabrication and analysis of hemp fiber reinforced polypropylene and banana fiber reinforced epoxy composites using FEA with various fiber volume fractions and to evaluate the Mechanical properties Property of the Composites under UTM machine. This work is carried out to introduce a new class of polymer composite that might find many engineering applications.
Keywords - Natural fiber, hempfiber, Banana fiber, Epoxy, Mechanical property