Paper Title
Mine Workers Vis-A Vis Constitutional Provisions And Other Labour Laws

A large population of India engages themselves in labour work. Out of this, a majority works in extraction and exploration of mineral resources. As a consequence, it results in high number of accidents, fatal health issues and their exploitation to the fullest capacity. Due to lack of awareness these workers are not properly taken care of and provided sufficient facilities to sustain this environment. To trace the backdrop of these defects and deficiencies which hampered their life one needs to look upon the law of the land, that is, The Constitution of India. Constitution does not provide explicitly regarding the provision relating to the mine workers. But through different provisions it tries to protect their interest. Such provisions are Article 14,15,16, 19(1)(c), 21, 23, 24, 38,39,41,42, 43 and 43A. Even in the case Occupational Health and Safety Association v. Union of India, the Supreme Court held that right to live in a clean, hygienic and safe environment is a right to dignified life flowing from Article21. On the similar line we have The Mines Act, 1952, the Minimum wages Act, The Payment of Wages Act, The Trade Union Act. The object of these Acts is to regulate mining operations in the country, to provide or prescribe minimum working wages, to protect their rights respectively. So, in this article we will discuss the mindset, thought behind the enactment of these Acts and actually how these Acts are taken up to give these workers what they deserve and what loopholes does it hold which is holding them back at their growth and not providing living sustainable conditions. Keywords - Mine Workers, Health, Exploitation, Right to Dignified life.